Страдателен залог в present simple

Изреченията в деятелен залог (active voice) в сегашно просто време (present simple tense) в английския език притежават следната структура:

Subject + first form of the verb + object

Структурата на изреченията в страдателен залог (passive voice) в сегашно просто време (present simple tense) в английския език е следната:

Object of the active sentence + is/am/are + past participle form of the verb + by + subject of the active sentence

Промяна на съобщително изречение в страдателен залог (passive voice):

  • Active: I write a letter.
  • Passive: A letter is written by me.
  • Active: I help you.
  • Passive: You are helped by me.
  • Active: I love my parents.
  • Passive: My parents are loved by me.

  • Active: We love our country.
  • Passive: Our country is loved by us.

Промяна на отрицателно изречение в страдателен залог (passive voice):

  • Active: I do not write a letter.
  • Passive: A letter is not written by me.
  • Active: I do not abuse my servants.
  • Passive: My servants are not abused by me.
  • Active: I do not write novels.
  • Passive: Novels are not written by me.
  • Active: He does not tease her.
  • Passive: She is not teased by him.

Промяна на въпросително изречение в страдателен залог (passive voice):

Structure: Is/are/am + object of the active verb + past participle form of the verb + by + subject of the passive verb

  • Active: Do you write a letter?
  • Passive: Is a letter written by you?

  • Active: Do you write stories?
  • Passive: Are stories written by you?
  • Active: Does she make candles?
  • Passive: Are candles made by her?
  • Active: Who does not obey you?
  • Passive: By whom are you not obeyed?
  • Active: Which newspaper do you read?
  • Passive: Which newspaper is read by you?
  • Active: Does she do her duty?
  • Passive: Is her duty done by her?

Допълнението (object) на глагола в деятелен залог се превръща в подлог на глагола в страдателен залог (passive voice). Следователно и изречения, които не притежават допълнение не е възможно да бъдат променяни в страдателен залог. Напр. следните изречения:

  • The old man sat in a corner
  • The child sleeps.
  • The wind blows.
  • The dog barks.
  • The fire burns.
  • He laughed aloud.

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